2. Cook and His Contemporaries 1
John Hawkesworth 1715–1773
An Account of the Voyages Undertaken by the Order of His Present Majesty,... for Making Discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere, and Successively Performed by Commodore Byron, Captain Wallis, Captain Carteret, and Captain Cook, in the Dolphin, the Swallow, and the Endeavour:...
London: Printed for W Strahan and T Cadell, 1773
This was Captain James Cook’s first voyage, undertaken during the years 1768 to 1771. Cook’s brief was to travel to the South Seas to observe the transit of Venus from Tahiti and to chart the waters between Cape Horn and New Holland. He circumnavigated New Zealand and charted some of the east coast of Australia. This account proved so popular that it ran to two editions in 1773; however, Cook was criticised by Alexander Dalrymple for not searching out the Great South Land.
Sydney Parkinson c. 1745–1771
A Journal of a Voyage to the South Seas, in His Majesty's Ship, the Endeavour
London: Printed for Stanfield Parkinson, the editor, 1773
Parkinson was a draftsman assigned to Joseph Banks on the Endeavour voyage. His is the first published account, but it was unauthorised. The book is remarkable for the quality of its engravings and the first mention of the kangaroo by name. Parkinson died from dysentery on the return voyage to England and an unfortunate dispute ensued between his brother, Stanfield, and Banks over the ownership of specimens and drawings from the voyage, a situation alluded to by the Gomeldon addition included in this copy. Some copies of Parkinson’s account have handcoloured plates, but it is unlikely that these were part of the original publication.
Arthur Phillip 1738–1814
The Voyage of Governor Phillip to Botany Bay: with an account of the establishment of the colonies of Port Jackson and Norfolk island ...
London: Printed for John Stockdale, 1790. 2nd ed.
The gift of Lady Joyce Price
On 18 January 1788, Governor Phillip arrived at Botany Bay with the First Fleet. This published account of the foundation of Australia was not official, although it was compiled from the governor’s journals and papers. As well as descriptions and engravings of Indigenous peoples and natural history, the names of more than 700 First Fleet convicts were included.
Zaccaria Seriman 1709–1784
Viages de Enrique Wanton a las tierras incognitas australes, y al pais de las Monas ...
Madrid: Por Don Antonio de Sancha, 1778
Viages de Enrique Wanton was first published in Venice in 1749. This copy is the expanded Spanish translation by Joaquin de Guzman y Manrique that first appeared in 1764. The book claims to have been translated from an English manuscript, but it never appeared in English. The story shows influences of Swift, revealing his impact on the continent. It is written in the Venetian genre of the fantastic in which two Englishmen bound for adventure in Bengal are shipwrecked on an unidentified south land where a society of monkeys live in European fashion. It begins as a satirical commentary on Venetian society but the later two volumes also satirise Spanish manners and customs.
[Charles Henry Copeland]
The Life and Singular Adventures of Charles Henry Copeland ...
Chatham: Printed by C. and W. Townson, for Langley and Belch London, 1808
Langley and Belch published many writing blanks and chapbooks in the early years of the 19th century, primarily ‘for the instruction of youth’. In this chapbook, the life of Charles Henry Copeland serves as a didactic narrative, warning young men of the dangers of seeking adventure on the seas. Each time he ventures out, he meets with failure, first shipwrecked on his way to Guinea and then taken prisoner by French privateers en route to the Coast of Calabar. He finds happiness and success when he returns home.