The surgical service in the Japanese Army was above all praise. Mr. Barry witnessed many difficult, successful operations, undertaken while the battle was raging, right in the rear of the firing line. One day a soldier was brought on a stretcher who had been shot through the stomach. The same operation was performed on him as on President McKinley. The surgeons cut him open, took the 'stomach out, sewed it up and replaced it. Two weeks later the man told Mr. Barry that the physicians had assured him he would live. It was a peasant boy, who had lived on rice, fish and tea all his life. He recovered, although his left arm, too, had been amputated at the same time. The picture shows an improvised operating room constructed of wood and canvas. The soldier in the pit is building fire to warm the room.